Las trayectorias educativas de hombres y mujeres jóvenes. Una aproximación desde el análisis de secuencias

Autores/as

  • Albert Julià Cano Universidad de Barcelona

Resumen

Sobre la base de la Encuesta a la Juventud de Cataluña 2012, en este artículo se define una tipología de trayectorias educativas de los jóvenes para discernir cuáles son los factores que determinan los itinerarios académicos y en qué medida existen desigualdades significativas de género. Mediante el estudio de secuencias y el análisis clúster, se determinan tres categorías de trayectorias educativas («voluntariosos», «exitosos» y «desertores») que plasman el papel configurador de los factores sociodemográficos analizados. Los resultados obtenidos indican que ser mujer reduce la probabilidad de pertenecer a un itinerario con un alto grado de abandono educativo temprano, y que este se produce más a menudo entre los autóctonos que entre los jóvenes de origen inmigrante. Las mujeres cuyos padres han conseguido grados académicos elevados permanecen en mayor medida en el sistema educativo que los chicos. Los niveles altos de apoyo parental constituyen una mayor garantía en cuanto a la continuidad en los estudios de los jóvenes que el apoyo que proporcionan profesores o tutores.

Palabras clave

trayectorias educativas, juventud, género, análisis de secuencias, análisis clúster

Citas

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Publicado

09-01-2018

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